Antiquariat Jürgen Dinter

Sophocles

Τραγῳδίαι […], Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου … Σχόλια. — Paris 1552/1553

2.400 €

Τραγῳδίαι […], Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου, περὶ μέτρων οἷς ἐχρήσατο Σοφοκλῆς, Περὶ  σχημάτων, Σχόλια. — Paris, Adrien Turnèbe, 1553 [sic!].

First edition of Demetrius Triclinius’ scholia (14th c).

4to (224 x 167 mm).

*4 A-N4 O6 P-V4 X6 Y, Z a-d4 e2 f-m4 n6 o-s4 t6 v-z Aa-Cc4; *2 A-S4 T2 V, X4: (4) leaves, 400 ( i.e. 404) pp.; (2) leaves, 147, (1) pp., (8) leaves. Two parts in one volume. Some foxing, mostly marginal, 4 leaves with light marginal waterstaining, ink spot on A3 verso. Contemporary overlapping vellum with little later gold tooling on spine, label gone. An unsophisticated copy with ample margins.

Printed in four sizes of the Royal Greek Type (Grecs du Roi). Triclinius has its own title-page (Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου, εἰς τὰ τοῦ Σοφοκλέους ἑπτὰ δρᾶματα, Περὶ μέτρων οἷς ἐχρήσατο Σοφοκλῆς, Περὶ  σχημάτων, καὶ σχόλια), dated 1553, and was also sold separately.

Turnèbe – vir maximus erat doctissimusque, J. Scaliger – followed Robert Estienne as Royal Printer in Greek; he taught Greek at the Collège Royal from 1547 to 1565, the year of his death. Turnèbe’s edition of Sophocles is the first with line numbers, printed left resp. right of the first line of each page.

The printed marginalia are variants of the text, marked by an asterix in the line, such as

ἀπάγετ᾽ᾦ φίλοι, τὸν ὄλεθρον *μέγα                                 μέγαν

and metrical notes such as

Σύστημα κατὰ περικοπὴν στίχ. β.

Turnèbe also made use of metrical marks for strophe, antistrophe and epode (see photos of p. 143 and 145). It seems that he has introduced these markings to the text of Sophocles. The preceeding editions (Aldus 1502, Giunta 1522, Colines 1528, Secer 1534, Braubach 1544, Giunta 1547, Braubach 1550) do not show any of it.

Uncertain passages are marked by: < … < or by: < … >. Also this marking seems to be introduced to Sophocles by Turnèbe.

There has been a little confusion about the date of publishing since both dates given in our Sophocles are erroneus. The title-page should have 1552 instead of 1553. The colophon of the Sophocles reads IX. Cal. Ian. MDLII, but it should be IX. Cal. Ian. MDLIII,  which is 24th December 1552.

Turnèbe’s text remained the best edition until the one of Brunck in 1786.

On Demetrius Wilamowitz-Möllendorf wrote: „Namentlich Demetrios Triklinios ist in Wahrheit eher als der erste moderne Tragiker-Kritiker zu führen, denn als ein unzuverlässiger Vertreter der Überlieferung …“ (H. Hunger, Schreiben und Lesen in Byzanz, Mchn. 1989, S. 71).

Adams S 1445; Hoffmann III2, 413f.; Dibdin II, 410f.: a rare as well as elegant publication.