Τραγῳδίαι […], Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου … Σχόλια. — Paris 1552/1553
Τραγῳδίαι […], Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου, περὶ μέτρων οἷς ἐχρήσατο Σοφοκλῆς, Περὶ σχημάτων, Σχόλια. — Paris, Adrien Turnèbe, 1553 [sic!].
First edition of Demetrius Triclinius’ scholia (14th c).
4to (224 x 167 mm).
*4 A-N4 O6 P-V4 X6 Y, Z a-d4 e2 f-m4 n6 o-s4 t6 v-z Aa-Cc4; *2 A-S4 T2 V, X4: (4) leaves, 400 ( i.e. 404) pp.; (2) leaves, 147, (1) pp., (8) leaves. Two parts in one volume. Some foxing, mostly marginal, 4 leaves with light marginal waterstaining, ink spot on A3 verso. Contemporary overlapping vellum with little later gold tooling on spine, label gone. An unsophisticated copy with ample margins. – Adams S 1445; Hoffmann III2, 413f.; Dibdin II, 410f.: a rare as well as elegant publication.
Printed in four sizes of the Royal Greek Type (Grecs du Roi). Triclinius has its own title-page (Δημητρίου τοῦ Τρικλινίου, εἰς τὰ τοῦ Σοφοκλέους ἑπτὰ δρᾶματα, Περὶ μέτρων οἷς ἐχρήσατο Σοφοκλῆς, Περὶ σχημάτων, καὶ σχόλια), dated 1553, and was also sold separately.
Turnèbe – vir maximus erat doctissimusque, J. Scaliger – followed Robert Estienne as Royal Printer in Greek; he taught Greek at the Collège Royal from 1547 to 1565, the year of his death. Turnèbe’s edition of Sophocles is the first with line numbers, printed left resp. right of the first line of each page.
The printed marginalia are variants of the text, marked by an asterix in the line, such as
ἀπάγετ᾽ᾦ φίλοι, τὸν ὄλεθρον *μέγα μέγαν
and metrical notes such as
Σύστημα κατὰ περικοπὴν στίχ. β.
Turnèbe also made use of metrical marks for strophe, antistrophe and epode (see photos of p. 143 and 145). It seems that he has introduced these markings to the text of Sophocles. The preceeding editions (Aldus 1502, Giunta 1522, Colines 1528, Secer 1534, Braubach 1544, Giunta 1547, Braubach 1550) do not show any of it.
Uncertain passages are marked by: < … < or by: < … >. Also this marking seems to be introduced to Sophocles by Turnèbe.
There has been a little confusion about the date of publishing since both dates given in our Sophocles are erroneus. The title-page should have 1552 instead of 1553. The colophon of the Sophocles reads IX. Cal. Ian. MDLII, i.e. 24th Dec. 1551, but it should be IX. Cal. Ian. MDLIII, which is 24th December 1552. In other words: The Sophocles was finished in 1552, the Triclinius in 1553.
Turnèbe’s text remained the best edition until the one of Brunck in 1786.
On Demetrius Wilamowitz-Möllendorf wrote: „Namentlich Demetrios Triklinios ist in Wahrheit eher als der erste moderne Tragiker-Kritiker zu führen, denn als ein unzuverlässiger Vertreter der Überlieferung …“ (H. Hunger, Schreiben und Lesen in Byzanz, Mchn. 1989, S. 71).
„Although a Greek text had been published by Aldus as early as 1502, Turnèbe’s edition marks a watershed in critical approaches to Sophocles because of the care and the clarity with which the edition was established. As is usual with him, Turnèbe gives no critical apparatus: instead, his Preface is marked by a delight in being able to use a manuscript which the Byzantine scholar Demetrius Triclinius had already corrected, and by a great admiration for the dramatic and poetic qualities of Sophocles‘ works – in particular, for the gravity and majesty of his verse, which, in his opinion, surpasses all other Attic drama … As with the edition of Aeschylus, the various sources used for this edition need careful identification. The principal manuscript source was undoubtedly B.N. Parisinus graecus 2711, commonly known as T, though Turnèbe did not reproduce that manuscript exactly. From what Turnèbe says in his Preface he could well have found this manuscript also in the collection of Aimar de Ranconet, though interpretation of his words must remain subject to caution, because Turnèbe reveals very little about his manuscript sources, and because no manuscript of Sophocles in the Bibliothèque Nationale came directly from Ranconnet’s own collection. The manuscript itself dates from the first third of the fourteenth century, that is to say from the period when Demetrius Triclinius was active at Constantinople: he probably compiled his readings of Sophocles about 1332. Turnèbe’s edition does contain different readings, taken from the Aldine edition of 1502, and he inverts the order in which the Oedipus Rex and Antigone appear, but the physical resemblances between T and his edition are too marked to be coincidental … Parisinus graecus 2711 must herefore be regarded as the texte de base from which Turnèbe proceeded. Carefuly reading of his text does reveal, however, that he frequentl prefers readings taken form the Aldine edition of 1502, and indeed occasionally departs from both sources; but since he gives no critical apparatus, it is extremely difficult to state with certainty what other sources were involved, if any … Nevertheless, whatever its sources might have been, Turnèbe’s work did prove to be highly influential in the establishment of a reliable text, and in the onward transmission of Sophoclean drama …“ (J. Lewis, Adrien Turnèbe (1512-1565). A Humanist observed. Genève 1998, 187ff.)